The Tata Nano is a compact city car that was manufactured and marketed by Indian automaker Tata Motors over a single generation, primarily in India, as an inexpensive rear-engine hatchback intended to appeal to current riders of motorcycles and scooters — with a launch price of one lakh rupees on 10 January 2008. Early instances of the Nano catching fire or the perception of the car being unsafe and lacking quality due to cost-cutting. Actual sales reached 7,591 for the model year 2016-2017.
In 2017, Tata Motors said manufacturing would continue due to the company’s emotional commitment to the project. Production was eventually halted in May 2018.
The Tata Nano’s latest prices fall in the bracket of Rs 2.26 lakh – Rs 3.20 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi). The most affordable car in India is available in five variants – XE, XM, XMA, XT and XTA.
Variants: Tata Nano has five variants compatible with Petrol, one variant in CNG and the first version of the car uses diesel as fuel. Tata is thinking to launch also an electric version of this particular car model; a prototype was presented in The Geneva Motor Show, 2010.
About GenX Nano:
In May 2015, to revive the model’s sales, Tata Motors proposed a redesign both in- and outside the car. The name was changed to GenX Nano to underline the changes; the range was offered in 21 different versions, among them a 5-speed automated manual transmission. Electric power steering, air conditioning, and Bluetooth radio were available on top models in addition to new colors and alloy wheels. The body was strengthened and the front and rear bumpers were changed, which slightly increased the length to 3,164 millimeters. The interior was also redesigned with new fabrics and improved soundproofing. The rear opening door and the 5-seat homologation were introduced. The engine remained the 2-cylinder 624 cc (38.1 cu/in) with 38 hp.
Tata Nano CNG e-max (Bi-fuel)
The Nano CNG e-max was launched in October 2013. It could run on either gasoline or compressed natural gas. Initially, it was to be sold in Delhi and parts of Maharashtra and Lucknow, where CNG was available at fuel outlets. The bi-fuel engine was powered by both CNG and petrol. In natural gas operation, the engine delivered maximum power of 33 horsepower and 45 Nm of maximum torque. The tank had a capacity of 32 liters (8 US Gal/7 UK Gal) of CNG.
Tata Super Nano
In December 2014, Coimbatore-based JA Motorsport presented a 230 hp 1.3-liter engine version of the Nano called the ‘Super Nano’ at the Autocar Performance Show. Featuring a full body kit, slick tyres, a bolt-on roll cage, and smoked head and tail lamps, the Super Nano featured carbon fibre components, Recaro seats, and steering mounted paddle shifters.
Fires & Reports:
There were reports of several fire incidents involving the Nano. The company denied those were connected to the car’s design or its parts and blamed “foreign electrical equipment” found on top of the exhaust system. The company offered to retrofit the exhaust and electrical systems but refused to recall the cars. Tata extended the warranty on the car, including those already sold, from 18 months to four years in early December 2010.
The Nano received a mixed reception from Indian consumers; reasons given included that it was still too expensive compared to a motorcycle, and the extended waiting time for delivery (a few months). Although it was identified as the most affordable car, a secondhand car that was more expensive when it was new gave more social status; the Nano was considered a “poor man’s” vehicle, turning some people away. The fires and other safety issues were also a concern. Tata Motors ended FY16 selling 21,012 Nanos, up from 16,901 in FY15.
Latest production of Tata Nano was in FY 2017-18 April to October with 1502 cars.
1. Dimension & Capacity:
Tata Nano is a compact car; it’s a budget friendly and best in city roads. It has got great deal of dimensions. Tata Nano has Hatchback body type with
Length: 3099 mm
Width: 1495 mm
Height: 1652 mm
Boot Space: 80 L
Seating Capacity: 4
Ground Clearance: 180 mm
Wheelbase: 2230 mm
Kerb Weight: 600 kg
2. Engine & Transmission:
The Tata Nano has 1 Diesel Engine, 1 Petrol Engine, 1 CNG Engine, and on offer. The Diesel engine, petrol engine and CNG engine are 624cc while it is available with the Manual & Automatic transmission. Depending upon the variant and fuel type the Nano has ARAI mileage of 30 kmpl to 33kmpl and city mileage of 23-25 kmpl.
Presently there are seven variants of Nano available in India. Nano XM of GenX Nano is the most popular model among the country. There are three fuel types in the Tata Nano. Based upon fuel type, variants have different engine but overall they all deliver similar performances.
|Engine Displacement||624 cc||624 cc||624 cc|
|Max Power||35 PS@5250+/-250rpm||37.48 Bhp@5500rpm||37.48 bhp@5500rpm|
|Max Torque||48 NM@3000+/-500rpm||51 nm@4000rpm||51 nm@4000rpm|
|Engine Description||800cc, Bharat Stage IV Twin Cylinder, MPFI||0.6-litre 37.5bhp 4V, BS IV, Twin SOHC valves, MPFI||624 cc, BS IV, 2 valves/cylinder, SOHC|
|Top Speed||105 KMPH||105 KMPH||105 KMPH|
|Fuel Tank Capacity||15 L||24 L||24 kg|
|Gears||4 Manual||4 Manual, 5 AMT||4 manual|
Tata Nano has drum brakes on front and rear both.
Front Brakes: Drum
Rear Brakes: Drum
Tata Nano has moderate suspension Treatment. It has gas filled shock absorbers with Independent, lower wishbone McPherson strut suspension on front and Independent semi trailing arm with coil spring suspension on rear.
Tata Nano has got manual steering which has Rack & Pinion type gear. The turning radius of Nano is about 4.0 meters.
Tata Nano has got Radial, tubeless tyres. The general Tyre size of the Nano is 135/70 R12, 155/65 R12. Some variants have 135/70 sized tyres.
Wheel Size of the Nano is 12.
7. Comfort & Convenience:
Tata Nano is a compact model of car and has a low price range. So it’ll be injustice if we demand comfort features comparing with other cars. But Nano gives us most facilities in such low price range. It has got features like,
- Low fuel warning light ( ALL )
- Accessory Power Outlet ( ALL except Diesel variant )
- Vanity Mirror(Diesel, XT, XTA)
- Air conditioner (ALL except Diesel variant)
- Heater (XT, XTA)
- Foldable Rear Seat ( ALL except Diesel variant )
- Power Steering ( ALL except Diesel and XE variant )
- Keyless entry (XT, XTA)
- Truck Light (XMA, XTA)
8. Interior & Exterior:
Tata Nano Has a lot of useful & exciting things. But the features depend on variants most of the time.
Tata Nano has got Features like,
- Tachometer (Diesel, XE)
- Fabric Upholstery (ALL)
- Digital Odometer (ALL)
- Glove Compartment ( Except Diesel variant)
- Digital Clock (Only in petrol variants)
- Electronic Multi-Tripmeter (XM, XT, XMA, XTA, CNG)
- Adjustable Headlights (ALL)
- Wheel Covers (ALL)
- Rear Spoiler (ALL)
The Nano has got some common safety features like Child Safety Locks, Rear Seat Belts, and Side & Front Impact Beams. It also has got some advance safety features like Booster assisted Brakes, Hazard Warning switch and Additional Body Reinforcements.
The XT & XTA Petrol variant has got extra safety features which are Central Locking, Power Door Locks.
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